Diet for gout: what you can and can't eat

With such a complicated disease like gout, not eating certain groups of foods rich in purines (proteins), since they revise the indicators of the level of uric acid and provoke the exacerbation of the disease. When the body metabolizes proteins, product allocation becomes uric acid.

diet for gout

Purine exchange is a chain of complex biochemical reactions involving different enzyme systems.

A healthy person need not worry, since his body safely adjusts the vibrations of uric acid in contrast to people suffering from gout. In their case, eating high protein foods lead to an overabundance of uric acid and provoke exacerbation of the disease. Studies show that reducing consumption of these foods and the intake of selected drugs can prevent relapse.

Food for gout on the feet or on the hands must be adjusted in accordance with the table of permitted products. A list of foods that provoke gout attacks, include organ meats, red meat, seafood, alcoholic drinks, kvass and beer, they contain high amounts of protein-purines. However, studies have also shown that there is an exception: the consumption of vegetables that contain purines in large quantities, does not lead to the exacerbation of the disease.

Drinks containing sugar or fructose, are also included in the table of prohibited products and can trigger gout, although they have no purines. They can directly increase the concentration of uric acid by speeding up certain processes at the cellular level. For example, studying tests over 125 thousand participants in the experiment, it was observed that people — fans of products with fructose, the risk of developing gout was 62%.

On the other hand, experiments show that low-fat dairy products, soy products and intake of vitamin C, reduce the concentration of uric acid in the blood and minimize the risk of exacerbation of gout. High fat dairy products did not affect the levels of uric acid, so they can be safely added to the menu.

So gout you need to follow a diet because some foods may change the concentration of uric acid crystals in the presence of protein in them-the purines. However, foods that contain fructose can also affect the figure, although they are not rich in purines.

Prohibited products

prohibited products

You should refrain from meals of high-protein foods (more than 200 mg of protein per 100 grams of product) with the systematic attacks of gout. The daily use of foods that are high in fructose medium and protein foods (150-200 mg protein per 100 grams). This advice is important when choosing a diet for gout not only for men but also for women.

Table of products, from which should be abandoned in gout, is as follows:

  • Offal: everything, including tongue, liver, heart, lungs, meat trimmings.
  • The meat of wild animals: pheasant, venison.
  • Marine fish: herring, trout, sprats, tuna, mackerel, haddock, and others.
  • Seafood: crabs, shrimp, and caviar.
  • Drinks: fruit juices and fizzy drinks.
  • Other sweets: honey, agave juice and syrups with fructose.
  • Yeast food brewer's yeast.

Banned products include white bread, many different cakes and pies with cream, biscuit, food containing refined carbohydrates. On the one hand, they have few proteins and fructose, but low in nutrients, there is also the likelihood of increased uric acid in the body.

So, in the treatment of gout should avoid recipes with offal, poultry, fish and seafood, and sweet drinks, some sweets and yeast.

What can I eat with gout? Of course, a special diet excludes the vast number of products, but you will always find something to eat. Low protein food is considered to be at a ratio of 100 mg protein per 100 grams of product.

Permitted foods

Therefore, resolved gout products can be categorized in the following table:

  • Fruits: all the fresh fruit you can make to your diet. Cherry helps to reduce the concentration of uric acid crystals in the period of exacerbation and reduces inflammation.
  • Vegetables: Everything, including potatoes, carrots, peas, zucchini, eggplant and cabbage, green onions , mushrooms.
  • Legumes: can be used, including lentils, beans, soy and tofu.
  • Nuts.
  • Whole grains: oats, corn, buckwheat, brown rice and others.
  • Dairy products are safe, but preferably low-fat.
  • Eggs.
  • Drinks: coffee, black or green tea.
  • Herbs and spices.
  • Vegetable oils, including coconut, olive and Flaxseed.
gout prevention foods

Dietary restrictions in gout

In addition to offal, poultry and some types of fish you can eat different meat products in limited quantities: 115-170 grams a few times a week. The following category of products characterized by a moderate content of protein: 100 to 200 mg per 100 grams of product. Accordingly, the use of excessive amounts of such food may cause exacerbation. Consumption of meat and salmon should be reduced to portions of 115-170 grams 2-3 times a week.

Meat: chicken, beef, pork and lamb.

Fish: the lowest level of purines contains salmon, both fresh and canned.

Compliance with selective nutrition will help you relieve pain and swelling and to prevent attacks of the disease. Diet for gout and high uric acid includes, without exception, all fruits and vegetables, whole grains, low-fat dairy products, eggs, and unsweetened drinks. Salt is not a banned product, it is essential for water retention in the body. Folk medicine includes the use of Apple cider vinegar food for gout stop or compresses with him in gouty arthritis of the ankle joint.

The disease is not a death sentence and there are many recipes for simple dishes without the use of products prohibited in gout.

Anti purine diet

Here is a sample diet for a week:

Monday:

  1. Breakfast — oatmeal with yogurt with berries or nuts.
  2. Lunch — vegetarian soup, fresh vegetables.
  3. Dinner — grilled chicken, pasta whole wheat, spinach salad, low-fat feta cheese and pepper.

Tuesday:

  1. Breakfast — smoothie blueberries, spinach, low-fat yogurt or skimmed milk.
  2. Lunch — split pea soup with wholegrain bread and salad.
  3. Dinner — grilled chicken with vegetables and buckwheat.

Environment:

  1. Breakfast — cottage cheese with raisins or berries.
  2. Lunch — vegetable soup, salad of Chinese cabbage and cherry tomatoes with olive oil.
  3. Dinner — salmon, baked with vegetables.
recipes for gout

Thursday

  1. Breakfast — corn porridge.
  2. Lunch — boiled chicken fillet with potatoes.
  3. Dinner — salad with black bread.

Friday

  1. Breakfast — toast with berries.
  2. Lunch-soup with potatoes, whole wheat bread, boiled eggs.
  3. Dinner — vegetables and buckwheat, which at night is filled with boiling water.

Saturday

  1. Breakfast — omelette with mushrooms.
  2. Lunch — brown rice with vegetables.
  3. Dinner — homemade chicken sandwich and salad from fresh vegetables.

Sunday

  1. Breakfast — salad with fruit and yoghurt.
  2. Lunch — boiled cauliflower.
  3. Dinner — scrambled eggs with tomatoes and herbs.

As a conclusion

Thus, the diet of patients with gout can be correct and diverse. Remember, what is useful and what is not.

Summing up, it should be said that this disease is a type of arthritis, which is caused by fast current inflammation of the articular surfaces. Therapeutic anti purine diet can help in alleviating and reducing symptoms. Drinks and foods that provoke gout attacks, covers all by-products, poultry, some fish, carbonated and alcoholic beverages.

On the contrary, the consumption of fruits, vegetables, whole-grain cultures, soy products and skimmed milk products act on the body as a preventive measure, reducing the level of uric acid. A change of lifestyle, support a healthy weight, exercise, drink plenty of liquids, avoiding alcohol and intake of vitamin C also can have a positive impact on reducing exacerbations of the disease.

24.05.2019